1) Mocăniţa „HUŢULCA” from Moldoviţa


CFF Moldovita was one of the most spectacular forest lines in Romania, both the length and profile of the line, and the locomotives and wagons serving line once.


Line beginnings date back to 1888 when Louis Ortlieb built a forest railway track of 800 mm from Moldova in Rososea (23.9 km), timber transport operation from prosecution until the sawmill in Moldova. This was the first line forest property Orthodox Church Fund which circulated steam locomotives. At the same time cross the line hunting Prince Rudolph.


The line was modernized by 760 mm gauge standardization only in 1909, although the Fund Orthodox Church adopted as standard this size before 1902 the reason for this delay was that the locomotives used on the line were still owned by Messrs Ortlieb and track them could not be modified by the Orthodox Church Fund.


In 1909 the complex was composed of lines: MOLDOVA - Rososea, Putna Rascal, Dubul and Argel totaling 51.9 kilometers. One of the curiosities of the tram line was hauled by horses from Turkelet. This line was built in 1907 and had a length of 4 km.


In 1948 the line became part of the CFF had several owners after the

Louis Ortlieb and forestry company to Moldova.

The most important of locomotives that run on CFF Moldova:


  • Baron Pino (Krauss Munich, 1889),
  • "Oberforstrat Krutter" (Krauss Munich, 1896),
  • 763.132 (Krauss, 1906),
  • 763.142 (Maffei, 1908)
  • 763151 (O & K, 1913)
  • 763.193 (Krauss, 1913 - currently at Viseu de Sus)
  • 764.219 (Krauss, 1917),
  • 764.449 (Resita, 1917 - currently at Bahnpark Augsburg, Germany)
  • 763.126 (Krauss, 1925),
  • 1223 (Krauss, 1927),



Mocăniţa from Moldoviţa – o unique experience


Vintage train running again due to private investment which Mocăniţa reinstated in 2005 Mocăniţa Huţulca from Moldovi runs on a narrow gauge railway. Krauss steam locomotive in 1917, was acquired in 2005 in Austria, was in operation from November 2007, after restoring the line. Tourists who come to Bucovina and prefer a ride Mocăniţa will not have that regret. Vintage train with four coaches, including one restaurant, hauled by a steam locomotive Krauss in 1917, leaving the center of Suceava Moldova and the old locomotive whistle echoed in Obcinele Greater Valley Stream Moldoviţei and Raşca. The route of about 11 km to the finish line in a clearing at the edge of a pine forest, tourists reserve more surprises. For example, when the railroad came to an end, I can go further into the mountains, with hypo carts drawn by horses with bells and tassel on the bridle, or serve a traditional meal Bucovina.



During nearly 90 minutes and reduced speed train between 5 and 20 km / h, esteun good opportunity for tourists to capture with film cameras or a picturesque, typical of Bucovina, with old style houses , capital and haystack, or yelling with locomotive and puffing to climb, because the route the train to the hill tires, requiring multiple stops to "put pressure on the boiler."


2) A craft almost lost – Rafting


Occupation hundred years old, remained only in memory rafting villagers in the town of Bistrita valleys (tributaries Bistrita Aurie, Dorna, Cârlibaba etc), Siret, Suceava and Moldova, Mures, Vaser and Bârzavei.


The Golden Bistrita, Turkish merchants transporting wood to Galati and Chitila required for construction of ships. If the mid-nineteenth century rafting on Bistrita was full of risks because of rocks and neregularizării watercourse after 1885 have been important development project, and after 1918 in Bistriţa rafting has become more efficient road from Worcester Galati being traveled on rafts in 10 days.



        Cross floats in Bistrita                                            Floats on the Danube at Galati


Transported by floating wood weighing just less than water density (spruce) and firewood (beech, oak) dry stack at least half a year.


Move timber rafts consist of 2-5 separate table, linked by wire or braided cable (gânjuri) .O board consisted of 20-30 logs. Board floating in front buzar called last coding and intermediate mijlocare were called.


Rafts were about to move the thin ends of the logs before splitting the water easy. Each raft had two rudders, one on the other the coding buzar are equipped with rudders up 1-2.


There were times when rafts were higher, and the buzar is located two rudders. In general, the speed was between 6 and 12 km / h depending on river slopes.


Rafting is practiced especially in spring, when the waters were high after snowmelt or heavy rains fall, and summer, when the water level was increased artificially by means of dams, called opusturi, which is executed upstream of the buoyant (drawing 1 ) .In behind these dams is store a quantity of water, allowed to flow through the channels and gates provide the necessary buoyancy buoyant flow profile.



Because rafts are not exposed fracture at first be issued only 20-25% of full flow, with the effect of increasing the normal depth of the river and floated up material from the bottom of the bed and only after at least half of hour gave way to Haiti. This advance was necessary for the rafts go faster than water and land could fail.


Timber transport engage a large number of workers had to be good knowledge of the water course that worked. The teams were made up of specialized workers and binding conclusion floats, their management, execution of intervention or enforcement of waterworks.


Cork Tolosa - to end cork, beat the first beam a peg (boinog) that bind a rope that was holding the cork in place. Over the beams that formed rafts were put three straps over who beat pegs passing through each beam (Figure 3). "Large strap from behind is a nail called flea (B), struck sideways on strap that keeps the straps harder glued beams and leaves the belt to jump in its place." The three beams located in the middle near the yoke straps builds cork (C), consisting of three racks perpendicular to the beam at the end of which are two fălcele.


Rafts may have 1-4 rudders, the size and type apă.În middle beam current is a ganja that cling helm when going across the pond.


Dulab cork (sketch 4), which beams with thin heads sat in the bow and the stern thick, composed of 5-12 fârtaie, each comprising 6-16 fart beams.


Rafting remained a craft to bedding oblivion without power to be restored to the current modern technology leading to the disappearance of this job with planning and building river embankments and dams. Bistrita Valley, completion of the Bicaz Dam reservoir ended this job.



Rafts currently travel on Golden Bistrita

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Conţinutul acestui material nu reprezintă în mod obligatoriu poziţia oficială a Uniunii Europene sau a Guvernului României.

Toate drepturile de autor aparţin U.A.T. Câmpulung Moldovenesc şi Consiliului Judeţean Suceava